The different locations of headache are listed or linked from this page.
Each page will contain a list based upon a review of published cases, which reported pain in these various locations. These lists should be comprehensive.
There are some generalisations about each location, but there is a lot of overlap – for example migraine or cluster headache can appear in many different parts of the head – not just the forehead.
Location of Headache Lists
It is really important to check your neck if you have problem headaches.
This is most often pain referred from the upper spine and is called cervicogenic headache.
Most often this would be tension-type headache, but if one sided, migraine and cervicogenic headache can appear here.
A pressure feeling in both temples is usually tensio-type headache. A severe dull pressure in both temples that is completely relieved by lying flat and then returns within a minute of standing could be a low pressure headache.
Any of the headache conditions can present with a one-sided headache. The word ‘Migraine’ is derived from “hemi” and “Crain” literally meaning “half” and “head”.
The most common eye pain I would see is a sudden sharp, brief, neuralgic pain called ice-pick headache which is a completely innocent and benign headache complaint. Eye disease must be considered if the eye goes red or is sore to touch.
While diseases of the ear can cause pain behind the ear, pain from the neck is a very common cause.
Pain from the cervical spine can appear as pain on top of the head, but there is a long list of other causes, many of which are treatable. I’ve listed 34 causes.
Here’s a list of possible causes of facial pain:
Migraine will involve the face in about 40% of cases at some time, and this would be the leading neurological cause.
Trigeminal neuralgia is an extremely intense shooting pain in the face, usually the jaw or cheek – it usually responds very well to Carbamazepine tablets.
Some people with cluster headache report a lot of pain into the face, as well as being focussed around the eye.
Chronic unexplained facial pain is fairly common and difficult to treat.
Other causes of increasing facial pain include acute maxillary sinus infection – the pain of this usually follows a recent cold, and there is a discharge from the nose.
Stooping forward often makes maxillary sinus pain worse (which is true for most sinus infections) and the teeth of the upper part of the mouth are tender and sore too.
Here’s a more complete list of described causes of facial pain:
- Trigeminal Neuralgia
- Atypical Facial Pain
- Painful Trigeminal Neuropathy
- Facial Migraine (40% of people with migraine will report pain in the face)
- Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgia
- Sluders Lower Facial Migraine
- Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia
- Sinus Disease
- Dental Disease
- Carotid Dissection
- Extracephalic Ice-pick Pains
- Thalamic Infarction – centrally generated pain
- Cluster Headache
- Exercise-induced migraine
- Chronic Paroxysmal Hemicrania
- Hemicrania Continua
- Nervus Intermedius Neuralgia
- Cervicogenic Headache
- Post Herpetic Neuralgia
- Zoster Sine Herpete (shingles without a rash)
- Eagles Syndrome
- Temporo-mandibular Joint Disease
- Myofascial Pain Syndrome